Like your coffee black?
Well, you could be simply someone who prefers avoiding things like sugar and cream to support better health, likes stronger flavors, or, you might be a psychopath.
A new study published in the journal Appetite, reports there is a strong link between a preference for black coffee and sadist or psychopathic tendencies.
The research surveyed more than 1,000 adults, and asked them to rate on a six-point scale how much they enjoy food and drinks that are either sweet, sour, salty or bitter. The results were then compared to those obtained from four different types of personality tests that looked at specific traits. The participants then took a series of personality tests assessing antisocial personality traits like sadism, narcissism and psychopathy.
The University of Innsbruck researchers who conducted the study found that a preference for bitter flavors had a significant coorelation to psychopathic behavior.
The closest association was between bitter foods and “everyday sadism” – which refers to the enjoyment of inflicting moderate levels of pain on others.
It wasn't just black coffee that rang alarm bells, the study discovered those who reported a fondness for radishes, celery and tonic water were also more likely to exhibit antisocial traits.
So if you like your coffee black, drink tonic water and snack on celery and radishes, maybe it's time for a little introspection?